Black tea is currently the most produced, most widely sold and most sold tea in the world. The quality style of black tea is very different from green tea, green tea is expensive to maintain the natural green color, while black tea is red and colorful. Black tea is a kind of tea that has been processed through the process of withering, twisting (kneading and cutting), fermentation and drying, especially after the fermentation process, so that the intrinsic components of the tea leaves have undergone complex biochemical changes, which constitute the quality characteristics of black tea. Because of the full fermentation after the green leaves become red leaves, it is called black tea, also known as fully fermented tea.
China's black tea originated around the middle of the Ming Dynasty. In the second half of the 19th century, the production of black tea developed further and ranked top in the export of tea. Our black tea has a fragrant smell, thick taste, dark and oily color, and bright red soup color, which is loved by domestic and foreign consumers.
What are the black teas? The black tea in the world is divided into three major categories according to the different
production methods and quality:
One is the traditional black tea of China. It has long and slender strips and complete buds and leaves.
Second, at the end of the 19th century, the foreign graded black tea emerged, the shape of fine, forming particles, also known as black tea.
The third is China's Fujian specialty small black tea. China's famous black tea are Qimen black tea (work black tea), Ying Hong, Dian Hong (all red tea) and Zheng Shan Xiao Zhu (small black tea).
Keemun black tea
Keemun black tea is called Qi Hong for short, because it is a work black tea, also known as Keemun Work, also known as Keemun Oolong. The so-called "work", according to the "Min production record is different" contains: because the selection of young leaves, with the finger one by one roll of the fire is not refined, the color into dark, taste becomes burnt, Quan Zhang people called work tea.
Qihong main production area in southern Anhui Province, Qimen County and the adjacent Shitai, Dongzhi, Qianxian, Guizhi and other counties. Here the Huangshan Mountains of the Dahongling, Alexandra and other mountain ranges winding territory, steep peaks, high mountains and dense forests, into a natural barrier distributed in the gorges and hills and slopes of the tea plantations. Tea trees grow in the fertile soil, warm and humid climate of the natural environment, the leaves are soft and tender, rich in inclusions, coupled with the unique harvesting efforts, the formation of the shape and quality of Qimen black tea. The production of tea in Qimen began in the Tang Dynasty. In Bai Juyi's "Pipa Xing", there is a poem "merchants value profit and lightly part, the previous month to sell tea in Fuliang", Fuliang and Qimen in the history of the same tea area.
Qimen black tea, mainly work black tea. The tea making process is divided into primary and refined. The primary system goes through four processes of withering, twisting, fermentation and drying, so that the multi-acid compounds in the fresh tea leaves are moderately oxidized and made into black tea with strips, keeping the buds and leaves intact and red red soup. Then, after sieving, cutting, wind selection, picking, reheating, leveling and other processes, it is divided into various levels of commercial tea. Really appreciate the sweetness and fragrance of Qi Hong, and realize the depth of roasting work.
Qixiong appearance tight rope thin, sharp seconds beautiful, color and luster of dark moist. Soup color brownish red bright, fragrant aroma, with honey enamel incense, and like the hidden apple incense, commonly known as "Qi Men Xiang", taste sweet and fresh, taste in the aroma, the bottom of the leaves red bright. Qi Hong is best appreciated for its unique charm if it is drunk alone; it is also delicious when mixed with milk and sugar.
China's black tea, there are many named after the place of origin, such as produced in Qimen called "Qi Hong", produced in Yunnan called "Dian Hong", produced in Guangdong Yingde called "Ying Hong". At present, there are more than 60 counties in 12 provinces in China producing black tea, as well as Sichuan red, Min red, Xiang red, Su red, Lake red, Yi red, Ning red and many others.
Dian Hong is also a famous black tea, mainly produced in the southwest of China's sleepy Yunnan Fengqing tea area. Here is located in the plateau, mild climate, four seasons like spring, tea trees grow luxuriantly, buds strong leaves fat, is an excellent big leaf tea tree. According to analysis, the fresh leaves picked from this tea tree, containing polyphenols richer than other varieties. In the processing process, polyphenolic substances (also known as tea naked matter or called tea tannin) due to the enzymatic action, fully oxidized, producing more theaflavin, theaflavin, other substances such as caffeine, water leachate is also higher, so made black tea, . High aroma and flavor, red soup color, distinctive features.
Yunnan black tea is mainly black tea, of which the crushed tea is most famous for its flower crushed orange, yellow and white hairs. It has tight grains, fat buds and leaves, many golden hairs, strong aroma, strong taste and red soup, which is the best of its kind. The leaf tea is firm and strong in shape, moist and glossy in color, with golden hairs showing, red soup liquid, high aroma, containing Jiao Ge fragrance, fresh and strong taste, stimulating, and purple copper color at the bottom of the leaves. Dian Hong, regardless of leaf tea or broken tea, if you add milk and sugar to drink, its color is more beautiful, its aroma is more rich, its taste is more mellow.
Ying Hong is a graded black tea; it is a new product of Guangdong Yingde Tea Farm developed in 1956, which is a new flower in China's black tea. 1959, the first export, won the respect of the tea industry, known as the rising star of black tea, comparable with the world's top black tea.
Yingde tea farm, in Guangdong Province, Yingde County, about 40 miles northeast of the place, in the south of the Yao Mountains in the Da Gengling. Yingde is known as Yingzhou in ancient times, and there is Ying Mountain in the territory, which is no less beautiful than Wuyi. Most of the tea trees cultivated in Yingde tea farm are Yunnan big leaf species, followed by Phoenix Shui Xian. These two varieties are suitable for making black tea because they contain more effective chemicals than the general ones, such as polyphenols, which account for more than 30% of the dry matter, about 10% more than other varieties. After fermentation, the polyphenols are fully oxidized, the soup color is red and the aroma is fresh and crisp. At the same time, polyphenols have the effect of sterilization, detoxification and digestion, and the substance called vitamin P after interacting with nicotinic acid, which has a good effect on human physiology. Because of the high content of polyphenols and caffeine in Yingde black tea, its nutritional value is also relatively high.
Ying Hong has a firm and even body and bones, with golden hairs showing, dark and moist color, strong aroma, crisp taste and bright soup color. It is suitable for drinking alone, or with milk, sugar and other condiments.
Small seeds black tea is divided into two kinds: Zhengshan small seeds and artificial small seeds. All the tea produced in Wuyi Mountain is called "Zhengshan", which means "orthodox"; while the ones produced in the vicinity of Wuyi Mountain are called "Outer Mountain". Zhengshan small seeds, as opposed to small seeds produced outside of Wuyi Mountain, there is also the meaning of indicating that it is produced in a truly alpine area. Wuyi Mountains in the northern section, the terrain is high, loon meters to 1500 meters above sea level, such as Cao Dun and Tongmuguan area upstream of Xingcun, the tea produced by the excellent quality, made of small seeds, also known as "Tongmuguan small seeds". The rest of the imitation tea everywhere are "artificial small seeds, now on the market this tea has been eliminated.
The quality characteristics of Zhengshan Xiaozhuang are: thick and thick shape, black and moist color, bright soup liquid, deep golden yellow, buds and leaves fat, soft and smooth, high aroma, with special pine smoke, date sugar or cinnamon fragrance, thick taste, refreshing and sweet in the mouth, such as. If milk and sugar are added, it will form syrupy milk tea with gorgeous liquid color and rich aroma.